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All of the above are worthy goals, however the likelihood of these reforms being implemented is not adequately addressed in this chapter. While nuclear arms control treaties with the United States would imply a reduction of the Russian nuclear arsenal to free up resources to deal with new security threats that can only be dealt with by conventional forces, the Russians are concerned with preserving a strategic nuclear force enabling them to maintain superiority over regional nuclear rivals, especially China.

Orr attributes the failures of reform of the Russian ground forces to the influence of Soviet era mindsets. Another major difficulty which Russian ground forces face are the declining quality of conscripts and recruits, morale difficulties, and what continues to be endemic corruption among officers, all of which have impeded professionalization of the ground forces.

The sense of drift in the incorporation of the Russian Navy into the overarching post-Soviet grand strategy was compounded by the inability of the Russian Navy to provide direct support for the wars in Chechnia and other low-intensity conflict operations. Russian threat perception in the Fall of crystallizatied a change in the succession of Russian threat perception paradigms.

Kipp briefly traces in a genealogy of paradigms from the perception of the West NATO expansion of US superiority as the primary threat to Russian security, to an emphasis on the war on terror and the mix of national and internal security threats. McDermott stresses the urgent need for a comprehensive modernization of Russian armed forces.

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Russia has, unlike the United States, not yet begun on a comprehensive military reconfiguration to adjust to the new low-intensity conflict environment, despite having more direct experience with this form of conflict. McDermott points to the difficulties of developing comprehensive reform in an era of low morale and resource limitations. One of the more interesting points of the chapter is the importance of continued strong demand and prices for oil for the future success of Russian economic growth, and by implication the creation of additional resources which might make the Russian armed forces more amenable to systematic reform,.

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It appears that in the intervening year and a half since the chapter was written the strength of oil markets may give the Russian economy an extra boost and perhaps give the prospects for reform more breathing space. Donnelly distills the necessary reforms of the Russian armed forces into five points: 1 basing force structures on a realistic understanding of threats; 2 balance of resources devoted to meeting threats with other social and political goals; 3 ensure the armed forces are supported by the population; 4 inter-service rivalries controlled; and, 5 cognizance of the need to develop definitions of national and internal security that do not raise unnecessary fears on the part of neighboring states and major peer competitors.

A critical point for not only the Russian armed forces, but on which the military, intelligence, and law enforcement apparatus of either states, need to learn. McDermott, eds. This will necessitate international assistance, aimed at bringing about an enhanced level of professionalism with the modern Tajik army. McDermott is an honorary senior research associate, department of politics and international relations, university of Kent at Canterbury UK.

He is also the editor together with Anne C. Silk Road Paper Svante E. Cornell and S. Book S. Frederick Starr and Svante E. Cornell, ed. Article Svante E. Article S.

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Published in Analytical Articles. Rate this item 1 2 3 4 5 0 votes. By Roger N. The Tajik armed forces inherited little from Soviet army, military schools and training centers were entirely lacking.

Russian Military Reform, 1992-2002

This greatly inhibited the speed at which suitable forces could be constructed. Civil War soon interrupted that process further, resulting in the loss of more than , people during the years of conflict Russian military advisors formed a committee in the Tajik Ministry of Defense after the conclusion of the civil war in , helping in forming a system of operational training throughout the armed forces.

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  • Since around Tajik servicemen have received military training in Russia each year. Tajikistan now has an element of self-functioning military education, having opened the Higher Military Engineers College in Dushanbe as well as other military schools. Although the first Tajik military training establishments emerged during the s, the backbone of the Tajik army still centers upon former Soviet officers.

    Russian assistance has been much more fundamental.

    Russian Military Reform, 1st Edition (Paperback) - Routledge

    The Russian st Motor Rifle Division is based in Dushanbe, under the operational command of Colonel Yuri Perminov, with an estimated strength of around 8, personnel. The st MRD supplies an important security lifeline to Tajikistan, and would almost certainly play a vital part in armed conflict involving Tajik forces.

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    • In addition the Russian border guard Service has a group deployed in Tajikistan with around 14, personnel, consisting of mostly Tajik conscripts preferring to serve in the border group than in their own army, under the leadership of Russian officers.